Food-Related Illness and Death in the United States White Paper Synopsis (this document explains the source of the statistics generally quoted on the numbers of illness and deaths in the U.S. from food).
The numbers date to 1997 but are the only available reliable statistics.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Food Safety Information - Federal Portal
Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP)
USDA Food Safety Information
FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
World Health Organization Report on Food Safety Efforts Worldwide