A bill (H.R. 1731) designed to increase criminal penalties for identity theft was signed into law (P.L. 108-275) by the President. The law creates the crime of aggravated identity theft for crimes that involve felonies, such as bank or mail fraud. This crime carries a sentence of two additional years in prison added to the felony conviction. Those who commit identity theft while also perpetrating a criminal act will be given an additional five years in prison.
A bill (H.R. 2431) introduced by Rep. Bennie Thompson (D-MS) would make it a federal crime to use falsified travel documents. Under the measure, it would be illegal to produce, transfer, possess, or use false travel documents. The bill would also provide training for transportation security officers on the best methods to identify false documents.