Then, as now, the space center is home not only to astronauts, scientists, engineers, and technicians but also to thousands of animals and reptiles who live within a designated wildlife preserve. “Kenney Space Center is 140,000-plus acres and about 80,000 to 90,000 of that is swamp, so the SWAT team, while driving and flying around, encountered a lot of bugs, a lot of snakes, and a lot of alligators. We used to joke that the alligators were part of the security force,” Granger recalls.
In 1983, Granger was promoted to SWAT supervision and operations. “I started my security management climb at that point,” he says, progressing from a sergeant to a lieutenant. In 1986, after the tragic loss of the space shuttle Challenger, an opportunity arose for him to become an EG&G resource protection analyst.
After three years in that position, Granger joined Lockheed (later Lockheed Martin), another NASA space operations contractor located at the space center. He began as an industrial security specialist investigator and ended up as the company’s chief investigator.
Lockheed Martin and Rockwell International came together in 1996 to form United Space Alliance to serve as the primary shuttle operations contractor to NASA. The company now supports every aspect of the space shuttle program’s vehicle processing and operations, as well as supporting the International Space Station integration program.
Granger was initially in charge of the industrial security program, including all classified aspects, facilities, physical and technical security, badging, and personnel. “I’d held that position for a few years when I was offered the opportunity to take over operations security as manager of operational security, and subsequently director of security for United Space Alliance. I have oversight of security at Kennedy, of security elements at Johnson Space Center in Houston, and of our personnel internationally where there are United Space Alliance personnel supporting the space station program,” Granger explains.
Today, after its many years of service, the NASA shuttle fleet is verging on retirement, and Granger says he will be sorry to see it go. As of this writing, the shuttle program is scheduled to end in the final quarter of 2010. However, “It may have to extend a little beyond next year, but that is unknown right now. Personally, I would love to see them extend the shuttle out. I think it would be good to reduce the gap between shuttle manned space flight and waiting for the Ares rocket and Orion crew vehicle program to develop,” he states.
Houston, We’ve Landed
In the 1980s, when Granger had become a resource protection analyst, the change in his security management career placed him in unfamiliar territory. “With my background in the military and law enforcement, I was rather lacking in physical security knowledge,” Granger admits. His boss, the former director of security for EG&G, was ASIS member Charles F. Lefew, who sat on what was then the ASIS Physical Security Committee—now Council. “He actively supported participation in ASIS because of the educational opportunities,” Granger says.
At Lefew’s urging, Granger joined ASIS in 1985 and “I went to the first Assets Protection I: Concepts and Methods course and other workshops and educational offerings to teach me what physical security was,” he states. Within a year, Granger had learned so much that he sat for the Certified Protection Professional® (CPP) examination and passed.
As time went by, Granger says that he became “very involved with ASIS. I took advantage of the annual seminar and exhibits for the networking and the chance to learn about new security technologies.” He was also a volunteer leader in his local chapter, Space Coast, serving all the offices and numerous committee positions.
Two of Granger’s mentors were veteran ASIS volunteer leaders Charlie P. McCarthy, CPP, and the late Roy N. Bordes. In discussions with the two, “I was encouraged to join the Physical Security Council that my old boss had been a member of.” He joined the group in 1997.
“I wanted to teach, to give back some of the physical security knowledge that I had struggled for in the mid 1980s,” Granger says. “I started hitting the books and putting together the material for the physical security teaching circuit and became an active instructor and speaker.”
Granger became friends with his fellow council member, Douglas G. Karpiloff, who was then the security and life safety director for the World Trade Center in New York City. “I was scheduled to give my first presentation on conducting physical security surveys. Doug had me to his hotel room, and I stood there with my laptop and gave my entire presentation to him. I was so nervous of speaking in front of my peers. I told him that some of them knew more than I did. He said, ‘Don’t even worry about that. You’re the manager of security for the shuttle program!’ Then he gave me pointers. And with all his good advice in mind, I got up and did it.”
After teaching at the Physical Security Council workshops for several years, Granger moved up to being the group’s chair in 2001.