Occupants who survived the attack also need to know how to deal with police, especially if the attacker is still on the rampage. The report recommends that building occupants confronted by police know the drill: "follow all official instructions, remain calm, keep hands empty and visible at all times, and avoid making sudden or alarming movements."
The recommendations were developed for building security personnel after the NYPD analyzed 281 active shooter incidents, spanning almost half a century.
Unlike the Department of Homeland Security, which defines an active shooter as using a firearm in an act of violence that has "no pattern or method to their selection of victims," the NYPD uses a more limited definition. According to the report, the NYPD defines an active shooter situation as "only those cases that spill beyond an intended victim to others." For instance, a gunman who targets his boss but then lashes out at the rest of the workplace.
The report also statistically analyzed the nearly 300 incidents to identify any trends. The analysis found that most active shooters are male, carry out their attacks alone, and typically target their schools or their workplaces, depending on their age. The typical attack, according to the NYPD, kills a median of two people and also wounds a median of two people. The report notes that using the median in these attacks is more appropriate than the mean, because a small amount of active shooter attacks have ended in disproportionate casualties.
♦ Photo by Bulldog23,be right, turn left/Flickr