INFORMATION

Site Map - Legal Issues

Aviation security

- A recent report by the General Accounting Office (GAO) on the use of biometrics in aviation security found that while the technology is available to meet the needs of airports, decision-makers should focus on the best equipment for the job regardless of whether it incorporates biometrics.

Bioterrorism

- In a recent The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has announced a $498 million grant program to help hospitals in various states and four metropolitan areas--New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington, D.C.--respond to bioterrorism attacks, infectious disease, and natural disasters.

Legal Reporter

- Recent court decisions look at retaliation and injuries to security officers. Plus, legislation on mass-transit security, privacy, and more.

Discrimination

- A bill (S.B. 475) recently defeated by the Virginia Assembly would have prohibited employment discrimination against applicants who had been convicted of crimes that did not directly relate to the job being sought.

Workplace violence.

- Legislators in North Carolina are considering a bill (S.B. 921) that would allow business owners to obtain a restraining order on behalf of an employee who is threatened by violence. The restraining order could be obtained to protect the employee from domestic violence or from a coworker. The order could be procured before any violence has occurred.

Cargo security

- Three bills that would enhance seaport and cargo security are currently under review by lawmakers.

Preemployment screening

- A bill (H.R. 4022) introduced by Rep. Robert Andrews (D-NJ) would allow the owners of private security companies (contract service providers) to access the FBI's criminal database through the National Crime Information Center.

Terrorism hoaxes

- A bill (H.R. 1678) that would make it a federal crime to fool people into believing that an act of terrorism has taken place has been approved by the House Judiciary Committee. The bill would also require those convicted under the measure to reimburse law enforcement for any costs of investigating the hoax.

First responders

- A bill (H.R. 3266) that would authorize the Department of Homeland Security to make grants to first responders to purchase or upgrade equipment and conduct training exercises has been approved by the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee and the House Energy and Commerce Committee.

Identity theft.

- A bill (H.R. 1731) designed to increase criminal penalties for identity theft has been signed into law (P.L. 108-275) by the president.

Privacy

- A bill (H.R. 2971) that would restrict the sale and public display of Social Security numbers by both private sector and government entities has been approved by the House Ways and Means Committee.

Evidence

-  The Connecticut Supreme Court has laid out the basis for accepting computer-generated information as evidence in a trial. The case involved a computer-enhanced bite mark on the victim's body and the bite mark of the accused murderer, which was accepted by the lower court as evidence. Attorneys for the defense had argued that the evidence should not have been admissible because a computer was used to alter the image, thus making it suspect. In ruling the image admissible, the court set out rules to guide future litigation. The court ruled that testimony must be given as to the computer used, the qualifications of the operators, the correct use of the equipment, and the clear identification of the enhancement process. (State v. Swinton, Connecticut Supreme Court, No. 16548, 2004)

Identity theft.

-  A bill introduced by Vermont lawmakers that would criminalize identity theft has been signed into law by Governor Jim Douglas. Under the new law, identity theft will become a felony. It will also be illegal to display Social Security numbers in public places. For example, liquor licenses will have to be redesigned with the owner's Social Security number omitted. The law will also allow victims of identity theft to freeze their credit information, making it a crime for a credit reporting agency to release further information without the consumer's authorization.
 




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